OJ SIMPSON MURDER TRIAL DOCUMENTARY - PART 1
OJ Simpson's 1994 Mugshot For 'Time' & 'Newsweek' Magazine Covers: 'Time' Deliberately Blackened Picture
JUST HOW FAR SHOULD a magazine go in reporting the news? This question was raised in 1994 during the OJ Simpson murder trial, when Time deliberately altered his mugshot. By Ben Arogundade. [May.10.2016]
IT WAS BILLED AS THE TRIAL of the century — a true-life drama which produced 133 days of testimony, 126 witnesses and 857 exhibits entered as evidence. Watched by a global audience in excess of half a billion people, the trial of actor and ex-sports celebrity OJ Simpson for the murder of his wife Nicole, was estimated to have cost the American gross national product $40 million in lost productivity.
In the midst of the murder trial, on June 27, 1994, Time and Newsweek magazines published the same cover image — a mugshot of Simpson obtained from the Los Angeles Police Department's records. But there was one glaring difference between the two cover portraits. While Newsweek used the unaltered mugshot photo of Simpson, Time digitally altered the image for their cover — darkening OJ Simpson’s face in what some commentators claimed was a deliberate attempt by the magazine to demonise him. The photo manipulation of OJ's mugshot rendered his blackness both unequivocal and menacing, in a murder case already infused with race — with Simpson, the black defendant, accused of murdering his blonde white wife.
TIME & NEWSWEEK MAGAZINE COVER CONTRAST
The association of dark skin with innate evil has a long history, dating back to the early Christian Fathers of the third century. At the same time, within contemporary culture, dark skin is viewed as less attractive, particularly within the black and South Asian communities, where large quantities of skin-lightening creams are sold every year.
Time magazine's controversial cover would probably have gone unnoticed if Newsweek’s version had not appeared simultaneously, allowing readers to instantly compare the two mugshots of OJ. When the magazine cover was being put together, the bosses at Time gave the mugshot photograph to graphic artist Matt Mahurin to “interpret”. “I wanted to make it more artful, more compelling” he suggested, seemingly unaware of the racial dimension of what he was creating.
The use of Photoshop to manipulate portraits of celebrities has been questioned ever since the technology was first invented in 1990. Fashion magazines in particular have been criticised for using it to create false ideals of beauty, while in 2007 a nationwide debate took place in the American media after a heavily Photoshopped image of country singer Faith Hill was published alongside the original, un-retouched photograph.
OJ's DARK MUGSHOT DRAWS HEAT
In Time's case, the magazine fielded a barrage of criticism from all quarters about its manipulation of OJ Simpson's mugshot for their cover. Their journalistic ethics were called into question — instead of unbiased reporting of the news, they were guilty of creating their own inauthentic version of it. Time’s managing editor during the period, James R. Gaines, stated that he regretted doctoring the cover photo, and that “no racial implication was intended, by Time or by the artist.”
In a rare about face, the backlash led to the company pulling the edition from the newsstands and replacing it with a revised cover. Time’s newsstand sales are small compared to its subscriber base, and so the original cover, with its darkened OJ mugshot, stayed in circulation throughout homes and offices — inadvertantly becoming a collector's piece.
OJ SIMPSON'S TRIAL BY PHOTOSHOP: During his 1994 murder trial, Hollywood actor and former sports celebrity OJ Simpson appeared on the covers of the June 27, 1994 editions of both 'Time' and 'Newsweek' magazine simultaneously. Controversy exploded after 'Time' deliberately darkened Simpson's mugshot to make him appear more sinister.
Beauty History & Culture by Ben Arogundade, Author of 'Black Beauty'.
MORE ABOUT CELEBRITY SKIN-TONES
MUGSHOT MANIPULATION: Hollywood actor and ex-sports star OJ Simpson's original mugshot, and the Photoshopped version used on 'Time' magazine's June 27, 1994 cover.
*THE OJ SIMPSON STATS ACCORDING TO GOOGLE SEARCH
The number of people worldwide who Google the phrase, “OJ Simpson Time magazine cover” each month.
The number of people worldwide who Google the phrase “OJ Simpson mugshot” each month.
*All figures for “The OJ Simpson Stats According to Google Search”, supplied by Google. Figures include global totals for laptop and desktop computers and mobile devices.